In contrast to the "localist" approach of Montpellier-Technopole, the technopole policy-network in Rennes is characterized by a much more z consensual strategy, both in central-local and "intra-local" terms.
Economie e f Humanisme Aminagement d u territoire e f action rigionale: He helped to formulate the regional priorities negotiated with the national government in the framework of regional contractualplanning. The technopole is composed of five specialized "poles" with correspond- ing science parks.
Cultural policies to attract higher income groups and senior managers who control the investment decisions of major companies lie at the heart of Montpellier's development strategy: Smaller can be better, I say… if you know where, and how, to look. Compared with Montpellier, Rennes-Atalante is much less ambitious and contents itself with relatively modest resources.
Free monpellier business plan download software at UpdateStar - 1, recognized programs - 5, known versions. L'Ancien Rigime et la RCvolufion. Les politiques publiques entre secteurs et territoires.
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Instead, the DATAR has regained some influence on local technopole strategies by progressively accepting the villes-technopoles as partners in a concerted and "multi-lateral" strategy of regional development. The sociological studies by the Centre de Sociologie des Organisations showed that the reality of power distribution in central-local relations was more complex.
American Feder- alism and French Unitarism Reconsidered. InMayor Herv6 wanted Rennes to be at the forefront of govern- ment policies on the fight against unemployment and sought to mobilize local authorities on this issue.
I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned cci montpellier business plan cap alpha this article. Jobert, Bruno and Bruno Theret.
We recognize that many technopoles do not or cannot always achieve the ambitious self-proclaimed goals of local eco- nomic regeneration. In an interorganizationaland comparative perspective, we finally argue that the French system is moving toward federal-stylepatterns of intergov- ernmental bargaining.
Today local and regional governments have the authority and suffi- "Universityof Konstanz, Germany Governance: On the one hand, fragmentation, uncertainty and conflict are prominent features of a system composed of six territorial levels including the Euro- pean and the intercommunal level and an unusually large number of territorial units.
In this post-Fordist context, technopoles are interpreted as both a policy tool and a process of spatial development aimed at satisfymg the demands of new industries based on high-tech Jalabert and Thouzellier The urban agglomeration also experienced demo- graphic expansion: In this system, based on a highly centralized and vertical-sectoral system of technocratic manage- ment according to national objectives, research was given permanent and substantial support through top public research organizations.
Many were former top civil servants from the prefectoral and other state corps. Only in did the district council agree to zyxw introduce progressively a unified business tax rate for all member com- munes levied directly by the district. What about the role of the national government and field administra- zyxwvut tions.
There are top public research units specialized in agronomy and food, biological and medical sciences. This concept of a limited governmental role for local authorities corre- sponds to the picture of the traditional politico-administrativesystem drawn by Jobert and Muller This article is based on comprehensive collection and interpretation of existing primary data and secondary analysis on the technopole phenome- non and on qualitative interviews with over eighty actors and informed observers on the national and local level.
The empirical research was conducted mainly between and There are regular contacts with some zyxw other ministries and state agencies concerned with local science parks, but these interactions do not reflect any nationally coordinated technopole policy The decisions of the Cabinet Committee on Regional Development CIAT in seemed to announce resurrection of a policy of amhugement du fewitoire,continuing the traditional logic of spatial equilibrium.
In addition to the Science University Campus, there is the internationally renowned Common Center for Television Broadcasting Studies and Telecommunicationswith researchers. The traditional "cross regu- lation" model developed by the Crozier school is wrong to assume culturally grounded stalemate and to suggest that local political power is nothing more than the informal access of local elites to national policymaking.
Quite clearly the leading actors of Rennes-Atalante are the city and the District of Rennes, with the latter securing the major part of the budget. I like looking for the trends, and finding them: More fundamentally the politiceadministrative elite accepted a major recomposition of the French "r mtiel global" of policy- making Jobert and Th6ret Montpellier Business Plan Classic est un logiciel qui ddis aux chefs dentreprises qui ne veulent.
References zyxw Balme, Richard et al. In this article, it is argued that the sociological model of "cross regula- tion" Crozier and Thoenigwith its emphasis on the conservative character of French institutional arrangements, fails to account for recent transformationsof French center-periphery relations in the aftermath of the decentralization reforms.
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